The Royal Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve is situated in the southern part of Far-West Nepal in KanchanpurDistrict.The reserve had been a famous hunting area for many years and was declared a Royal Hunting Reserve in 1969. The reserve was gazetted in 1973 as Royal Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve.The reserve covers an area of 305 sq. m after completion of an extension.The riverine flood plain of the reserve comprises of hill wash and alluvial deposits. Sal (Shorearobusta) is the dominant tree species. Extensive grasslands (locally called phanta) provide an ideal habitat for swamp deer (Cervusduvauceli). The species is endangered and there is a population of about 2000 in the reserve. A total 268 species of birds has been recorded in the reserve. Many grassland birds along with the rare Bengal florican can be seen in the phantas. Marsh mugger crocodile, Indian python, monitor lizard and snakes like cobra, krait and rat snake have been recorded in the reserve. The extensive open grasslands of Suklaphanta are worth visiting for a breathtaking view of the largest herd of swamp deer in the world and other grassland birds including Bengal florican. Wetlands such as Ranital, Sikarital and others in the extension area like Kalikitch Lake, Lalpanital and Taratal, support a healthy population of many kinds of waterfowl, reptiles and other wildlife.Another major attraction is Ranital, 18 km. from the reserve headquarter, is a beautiful lake for viewing waterfowl, with viewing towers.